The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) developed one of the two primary definitions of Metabolic Syndrome (1). The other is the US National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) (2). They both focus on the following key biomarkers:
A. Expanded waist circumference: Central obesity – over 40 inches (102cm) for males and 35 inches (88cm) for women.
B. Elevated body mass index (BMI): greater than 30
- Elevated Triglycerides
- Lowered “good” HDL-Cholesterol
- Elevated fasting plasma glucose
Individually, each of the above biomarkers is cause for concern, but when taken together alarm bells should be sounding. Current medical thinking is if Point A or B, plus any two of the other risk factors apply to you, you may well fall within the definition of Metabolic Syndrome… or are certainly at high risk for it.
more still to come…